Life born of light
Life is born of light (Gn 1.3), it goes on by biological generation (Gn 1.11 , 20, 21). The creation is done by successive differentiation (Gn 1. 4, 10, 12, 18 , 21, 25 and 31) , with alternating light and darkness for the succession of time.
God maintains the world in existence (Ps 104. 27-30).
All of your creatures wait for you to provide them with food on a regular basis.
You give food to them and they receive it; you open your hand and they are filled with food.
When you ignore them, they panic. When you take away their life’s breath, they die and return to dust.
When you send your life-giving breath, they are created, and you replenish the surface of the ground.
Creation by the Word
Creation by the Word ”And God said ” (v. 3 , 6, 9, 11, 14, 20, 24, 26) God calls things into existence and they exist; he gives them orders , evaluates them and then goes on to the following day. God is intelligent, powerful, tidy and absolutely sovereign (Ps 33.6).
Schematic divisions of the creation story
There is a careful literary construction in Genesis 1 and 2: 5 formulas for each day Announcing: “And God said “, Order: “Let there be ” Report: “and it was so ” or “and God did,” Appraisal : “It was very good” Setting of the time : “It was the first day … ” 10 times : ” God said”. Compare with the 10 commandments
Creation in 7 days
V.1 : 7 Hebrew words V 2: 14 Hebrew words (2 x 7). Elohim : 35 times (5 x 7 ) 6 days of work , 1 day of rest , a model for Israel
The creation is written on 2 tablets
“God created the heavens and the earth”(Gn1.1). “This is the story of the heavens and the earth when they were created” (Genesis 2.4). The first creation story is resumed and completed by a second one on the second tablet: an oriental literary technique The first tablet shows God above the creation, setting up the heavens and the earth The first three days correspond to the last three days: At first God creates the shape : days 1-3 . Then he fills it with a material which corresponds to the shape : days 4-6
|A: Day 1 ( 1:3-5 )||A ‘: day 4 ( 1:14-19 )|
|Separating light from darkness||Lights : sun , moon and stars|
|B: day 2 ( 1:6-8 )||B ‘ : Day 5 ( 1:20-23 )|
|Sky / heaven||Fishes and birds|
|C: Day 3 – ( 1:9-13)||C ‘: Day 6 ( 1:24-30 )|
|Land and vegetation||Terrestrial animals and humans|
|Day 7 – God rests (1.31|
The first tablet underlines the 7th day which God blesses and sanctifies “The Sabbath rest for the people of God” (Hebrew 4.8-11 and Matthew 11:28-30) The second tablet shows God present in creation. He kneads mud, breathes in the nostrils of man to infuse life into him. The first tablet is centered on God, the second on humanity, both complement one another.
Creation of the living beings
It is a “second” creation from dust (Genesis 2.7). Animals are shaped from the ground of the earth (Gen 2.9) and reproduce themselves by biological generation. The first man is a living soul, also shaped from dust of the ground (Adam comes from adama: earth). But unlike the animals he gets life by divine insufflation of the divine breath ( Gen 2.7). On the sixth day, God created human life and ” blessed ” the man and the woman in order that they also procreate ( 1:26-28 ) .
Man created in the image of God (1:26-27)
Man is the image of God by thinking, oral communication and relationship with God by the blessing he gets from God. Authority and responsibility are given to the human being as God’s representative on earth, the kingdom of God is delegated to the human couple that dominates the earth (1:26-28 , Ps 115.16b). The human being represents the Creator, he is viceroy of the earth ( Ps 8.4-7 ) in the Garden of Eden ( 2.15; all that appears in his giving names to the animals ( 2.19) in the creation of woman, an assistant ( ezer ) similar to him ( 2.24) Eve, a type of the Church, receives such authority and responsibility in imitation of God’s.
The glory of God as God’s image reflected in man
In his glorious kingdom, the thrice holy God sits as king and judge ( 1 Ez , Es 6.3). The foundation of his throne shrouded in clouds is justice and righteousness and faithfulness. (Ps 97.2 ) . The Son is the model for the filial aspect of the image of God in man (Heb 1.2) Man is created in the likeness of the glory of God (Ps 8.5-6 , He 2.7 ) to be a spiritual temple of God in the Spirit (Ephesians 2.22 , Psalm 104:29-31 , Ezekiel 37. 1,10.14 , Lk 1.35).
The creation is good and blessed
The creation is declared 6 times ” good and 1 time ” very good “. The gift of life is manifested by the creation, reproduction and prosperity (Gn1.11 -12 , 1.29). The prosperity of all forms of life ( 1.22 , 28) is a sign of God’s favor which manifests itself in an abundant reproduction (1.21).
Praise to the Creator
To be continued